An implant supported denture is similar to a regular denture, except that it is supported and attached to dental implants for stability.
You will get detailled information about this treatment at GriDent.
What is an Implant Supported Denture?
An implant-supported denture is used when there isn’t any tooth in the jaw and when there is enough bone in the jaw to support implants. An implant-supported denture is attached to the implants while a regular overdenture rests on the gums and tends to fit less firmly in the mouth.
An implant-supported denture has special attachments that snap onto attachments on the implants. It is possible to remove an implant–supported denture easily. But also it is possible to have fixed (permanent) crown and bridge. The dentist can suggest you the type that is suitable for you.
How does it work?
There are two types of implant-supported dentures. They are called as bar-retained and ball-retained. In both of them the denture is made of acrylic base. Bar-retained dentures require at least three implants and ball-retained dentures requires at least two implants.
- Bar-retained dentures Firstly two to five implants are placed to your jawbone. Then a thin metal bar that follows the curve of your jaw is attached to these implants. Clips or other types of attachments are fitted to the bar, the denture, or to both. The denture fits over the bar and is securely clipped into place by the attachments.
- Ball-retained dentures A metal attachment is hold by each implant that has been placed in the jawbone. And it fits into another attachment on the denture. In most cases, the attachments on the implants are ball-shaped (“male” attachments), and they fit into sockets (“female” attachments) on the denture.
Implant-supported bridges are the bridges, which are supported by implants instead of natural teeth. Mostly, one implant is placed in the jawbone for each missing tooth and the crowns are connected to each other to form one piece.
When is this used?
If there is more than one missing tooth an implant-supported bridge can be used.
If the natural teeth and surrounding gum is in good health, implant can be placed next to natural teeth. If there isn’t enough bone to place and support the dental implants, the supporting bone can be built up before the actual implant procedure begins. This can be done by using bone augmentation or grafting.
It is possible to have one implant for each missing tooth if there is enough jawbone to support the implant and if the space is not too close to a nerve or to sinus cavity. And may skip one or more spaces if he/she thinks that there isn’t enough bone the space is close to a nerve or the sinus cavity.
Caring the implant supported denture
The denture should be removed to clean at least twice a day. Also the area around the implants and attachments should be cleaned carefully.
For the first year, every three month you should visit the dentist for cleaning and check up. Every part of the denture is tested by the dentist in order to see if they secure or not. Even if the denture is stable, it can move slightly when you chew. Because of this slight movement the denture can rub against the gums and sore spots can be formed. The dentist checks the gums and also your bite (the way of the top and the bottom teeth come together) in the visit.
Every 6 to 12 months, the clip or other attachments on the bar-retained denture are usually replaced because they are made of plastic material and they wear after continued use.
What can you expect from the implant supported?
The implant-supported denture is more stable than a regular denture. You will be more comfortable when you speak and you won’t worry about the denture becoming loose or falling out from the mouth. You can eat foods that you cannot eat before using the implant-supported denture but you have to be careful when you chew hard and sticky foods in order to prevent the damage in the denture.
When you have an implant-supported denture in your upper jaw, the denture will no longer cover the roof of your mouth, so you will feel more natural than a regular denture.